READ(2)                                                   READ(2)

     NAME
          read, readn, write, pread, pwrite - read or write file

     SYNOPSIS
          #include <u.h>
          #include <libc.h>

          long read(int fd, void *buf, long nbytes)

          long readn(int fd, void *buf, long nbytes)

          long write(int fd, void *buf, long nbytes)

          long pread(int fd, void *buf, long nbytes, vlong offset)

          long pwrite(int fd, void *buf, long nbytes, vlong offset)

     DESCRIPTION
          Read reads nbytes bytes of data from the offset in the file
          associated with fd into memory at buf. The offset is
          advanced by the number of bytes read.  It is not guaranteed
          that all nbytes bytes will be read; for example if the file
          refers to the console, at most one line will be returned.
          In any event the number of bytes read is returned.  A return
          value of 0 is conventionally interpreted as end of file.

          Readn is just like read, but does successive read calls
          until nbytes have been read, or a read system call returns a
          non-positive count.

          Write writes nbytes bytes of data starting at buf to the
          file associated with fd at the file offset.  The offset is
          advanced by the number of bytes written.  The number of
          characters actually written is returned.  It should be
          regarded as an error if this is not the same as requested.

          Pread and Pwrite are equivalent to a seek(2) to offset fol-
          lowed by a read or write. By combining the operations in a
          single atomic call, they more closely match the 9P protocol
          (see intro(5)) and, more important, permit multiprocess pro-
          grams to execute multiple concurrent read and write opera-
          tions on the same file descriptor without interference.

     SOURCE
          /sys/src/libc/9syscall
          /sys/src/libc/port/readn.c

     SEE ALSO
          intro(2), dirread(2), dup(2), open(2), pipe(2), readv(2)

     READ(2)                                                   READ(2)

     DIAGNOSTICS
          These functions set errstr.